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Fraunhofer analyzes 400,000 trucks by GPS to locate a European recharging network

The Fraunhofer Institute for Systems Research and Innovation (ISI) has analyzed, through GPS coordinates, the stopping habits of 400,000 truckers and determine where it is convenient to place charging stations for electric trucks. The result of the analysis of the data obtained is intended to help governments and recharging infrastructure operators to set priority locations to install a high-power network, the one necessary for this type of vehicle throughout Europe.

The study was commissioned by the European Association of Automobile Manufacturers (ACEA). The trucks that have been part of this study by the German institute belong to seven manufacturers that offer their product in Europe. The goal was to record exactly the exact points where truck drivers make their regular stops and which of those locations are used with higher frequency. The initial results were published in June of last year, although they have now been analyzed in greater detail.

The study shows that the locations of all the stops of these 400,000 trucks are spread over 29 European countries. However, only the 10% of the places most visited by heavy vehicles in Europe (more than 3,000) represent around fifty % (78,000) of all stops made. The study also shows that the greatest number of stops occur in Germany: 34,521 every day in a total of 7,452 locations. According to Fraunhofer, 746 of these German locations would need to install charging options by 2027.

France It is the second country with the highest number of stops: 25,615 every day in 5,833 locations. According to the study, in 2027 charging facilities will be needed in 584 locations in the Gallic country. Third place is occupied by Italy with 10,688 stops per day at 3,367 locations and 337 of those will need charging facilities by 2027.

Daimler electric truck charging station Oregon
The power of public chargers for electric trucks should be at least 700 kW and should be completed with linked charging points in the places where they remain when they are not on duty. In the image Daimler charging station for electric trucks in Oregon, USA.

Based on this scenario shown by the report, the ACEA calls on national governments to ensure that 10% percent of the busiest truck stops in each country are equipped with adequate electric chargers by 2027 at the latest. “Given that today there are hardly any charging stations that are adapted to the specific needs of trucks, the challenge that lies ahead is enormous. That is why we want to help governments and industry stakeholders direct their investments where they are needed most,” said Martin Lundstedt, Chairman of the ACEA Commercial Vehicles Committee and CEO of the Volvo Group, in response to the investigation. .

In March, the German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA) published a document explaining its strategy regarding the electrification of road transport. Under the name “Charging Infrastructure Master Plan 2.0 – Automotive Industry Recommendations for Heavy Traffic”, the VDA called for a charging network for electric trucks in Germany. In this master plan, the VDA goes into a little more detail regarding the characteristics of public charging stations for electric trucks. Although they should be similar to the car recharging network, its power should be at least 700 kW in direct current at each charging point.

In addition to high-power road charging, it is also necessary to promote linked charging in car parks in which the electric trucks remain when they are not carrying out a transport. “A comprehensive and efficient charging infrastructure is and remains the key to the success of electric mobility, this applies to both the passenger car sector and commercial vehicles,” says Müller.

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