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Ford will manufacture two new electric cars in Spain, but where will its batteries come from?

Ford confirmed last week that it will produce two new electric cars at its Valencian factory in Almussafes, which, together with the plans of the Volkswagen Group, leads to the fact that the manufacture of at least four new electric cars has been confirmed in Spain. One of the doubts that exists regarding the production of these models has to do with their batteries, since they still it remains to be determined which factory they will come from the cells that will form them.

The signature of the blue oval has awarded the Valencian factory the execution of the platform for electric cars GE2an evolution of the base that shapes the Mustang Mach-E (whose production takes place in Mexico) and that in principle has nothing to do with the MEB of the Volkswagen Group, which is the one on which two other models that Ford has built will be based. confirmed.

The German consortium, for its part, is working so that the production takes place in Spain, on the one hand, of the Volkswagen ID.2, and on the other of the production model of the Cupra UrbanRebel, while a third model for Skoda is still in the works. the air.

Ford will launch new electric SUV models in the coming years.
Of the four new electric cars that Ford has announced, two will be manufactured in Spain

With this portfolio of models already under development in Spain, the lithium that will take place in its batteries seems like another piece of particularly relevant data, since its origin has not been confirmed, despite the fact that the lithium project is already underway.he battery factory of the Volkswagen Group in the Valencian town of Sagunto, which is the one that will serve Volkswagen and Cupra.

Production dates for electric cars to be manufactured in Spain

With this range of budding models, it is important to contextualize them based on their production date, because depending on this, the origin of the cells of their battery may vary and with it the lithium that will take place within them.

According to the Volkswagen Group, the Sagunto battery factory will not be operational until 2026a date that coincides with the arrival of the two electric cars that they themselves have confirmed.

Regarding Ford models, the American brand has hinted that it will be in 2025 when its two electric cars with Spanish origin begin serial production, which indicates that in principle the two electric cars that Ford will manufacture in Spain will not have batteries manufactured by Volkswagen in Sagunto, since this location will start working a year later. At least it will be like this during the beginning of the manufacture of these models.

batteries-volkswagen-sagunto
Battery in the process of being assembled

However, by capacity Sagunto yes, it will enjoy sufficient potential in terms of production, since it is expected to be working at full capacity, it will have a annual production capacity of 40 GWh.

The fact that Ford produces two electric cars in Spain does not mean that its batteries are also manufactured here

Although due to cost and time batteries should ideally be produced in a location as close to the factory as possible from which each car comes out in its final product form, the truth is that on many occasions the battery cells come from factories that are not nearby. An example of this is, precisely, in Spain and the Stellantis factory in Vigo, which produces electric cars but brings the batteries for them from abroad. Another example is Volkswagen, who manufactures the ID.3 and ID.4 in Spain, but whose cells come from Poland.

In this sense, and given that it has yet to be officially confirmed by Ford, a priori there are three possibilities that exist for Ford’s Valencian electric cars, with the possibility of import of the cells always on the table.

On the other hand, and given the synergies with the Volkswagen Group, There is the possibility that finally a change in terms of dates and adaptation of platforms will allow these two models to have battery cells produced by Volkswagen.which would make the Valencian Community one of the only European regions to have a complete electric car value chain, although the origin of the lithium remains to be determined.

Open pit lithium mine.
Open pit lithium mine.

Lastly, the Sagunto gigafactory is not the only project of this type that exists in Spain, as the Navalmoral gigafactory is currently under negotiation, a project for which the energy company Acciona is running as one of the great candidates to execute and which It has large lithium deposits in its vicinity. Among them, the one that is closest to seeing the light is that of Las Navas.

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