It is no longer just Europe, because the North American state of California just passed a ban on selling new gasoline and diesel vehicles beginning in 2035, as will also happen in the old continent. This is not something new, since in September 2020 such a possibility was already mentioned by the Democratic governor of the state, Gavin Newsom. to this plan 17 other states could also join that are already putting pressure on the national executive chaired by Joe Biden to make this a national measure.
The legislation called Advanced Clean Cars II it will require a gradual increase in the proportion of new electric cars and plug-in hybrids. The first step will come in 2026 with a sales target for electric cars and plug-in hybrids of 35%; later they will increase to 70% in the year 2030 and, as the last step, it is planned to reach 100% of electric cars and plug-in hybrids in 2035. This plan to reduce emissions has been drawn up by the California Air Resources Board ( CARB).
This movement could be a shock to the North American country where vehicles equipped with a thermal engine have historically reigned, and more specifically gasoline units. However, California has always been one step ahead in terms of anti-pollution regulations and several automobile brands of exclusively electric cars have been born there, including Tesla, Lucid Motors or Rivian, among others, being the region of the country where the most the acquisition of “zero emission” vehicles is favored and encouraged.
On the other hand, the legislation on thermal vehicles in Europe is much more advanced, since certain margins have already been established for limited-run brands, as well as opening the possibility of admitting the use of synthetic fuels beyond the year 2035. This , for the moment, has not been specified in the North American state, where the plan to ban the sale of cars with thermal engines is still in an initial stage. This new law will affect passenger cars, pick-ups and SUVs, while by 2045 it will be extended to all vehicles sold in the territory, including commercial and industrial ones.
This legislation is blunt and It will leave practically all vehicles that do not opt for a 100% electric battery-powered mechanic, with a hydrogen battery or plug-in hybrid, out of the game.. In the case of plug-in hybrids, they must have an electric range of at least 80 kilometers, while their manufacturer will only be able to execute 20% of their total sales with vehicles equipped with this mechanism.
In addition to California, 11 other states are also lobbying the central government to make this measure effective across the country as a standard. These states are: Hawaii, Maine, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Connecticut, Washington, Rhode Island, New York, Massachusetts, and North Carolina. However, other territories would not be willing to accept such a measure, leaving it, for the time being, up in the air.
The plan presented by California is very similar to the European one, since the date of 2035 has been chosen for the average useful life that a thermal car can have. With that, It is expected that by the year 2060, almost all road traffic will be carried out by electric cars, since those sold until the middle of the next decade (as well as the industrial ones in 2045) will already have become outdated or, directly, cannot be repaired. As in Europe, this measure will only affect the sale of new cars, since it does not prohibit the use or sale of second-hand for thermal mechanics.
In parallel, the Government of California will establish a series of grants and incentives to adopt electric vehicles as a replacement for gasoline or diesel thermals. From the executive they establish a forecast of emission reduction in the period between 2026 and 2040 of up to 395 million metric tons of CO2.
In Europe, the publication of the definitive legislation is still pending, which is expected to be presented this coming fall, as well as the individualized vote of the member countries, which may entail certain consensual modifications. One of these most anticipated modifications is the possibility of adopting mechanics powered by synthetic fuels, something that brands like Lamborghini or Volkswagen are already waiting for.