The European executive is immersed in the reduction of CO2 emissions in the old continent. We are all aware of the demanding legislation in place regarding emissions on the different vehicles and, thanks to this, for the first time since counting, hehe average carbon emissions from new cars in Europe fell below 100 g/km last year 2021, according to a study released by Jato Dynamics.
According to the study, much of the blame for this decrease in carbon emissions has been caused by the unanimous adoption of the famous WLTP homologation cycle, a stricter method that estimates in a much more real way what the emissions and average consumption of a vehicle are. With this, they wanted to put a stop to certain models that until then were marketed and that were later forced to leave Europe, add electrical hybridization to their mechanics to reduce gases, or assume the economic sanctions that the EU would impose on manufacturers.
However, something that has surprised us with respect to this decrease in carbon emissions, has been verifying that 44% of vehicles sold in Europe were SUVs; a type of body not entirely friendly with the reduction of emissions. However, many of the best-selling SUVs have certain doses of hybridization, whether plug-in (PHEV) or non-plug-in (HEV), and even pure electric. Precisely, the segment that has gained the most popularity in Europe has been that of electrified SUVs and crossoverswhere manufacturers have focused more in recent years.
In fact, according to data provided by Jato, the segment with the lowest emissions in all of 2021 was the mid-size SUVwho signed a average CO2 emissions of just 65.4 g/km throughout the region. Electric models such as the Ford Mustang Mach-E or the Volkswagen ID.4 and their popularity have caused the general average of this segment to decrease considerably. However, unlike those just mentioned, small SUVs had the second worst emissions figure in the entire catalogjust above the luxury SUV category.
Among the brands that currently sell thermal models, Renault has been the winner for the second consecutive year, managing to reduce its emissions by 12% compared to the previous period and ending 2021 with an average of 86.7 g/km of CO2. Much of the blame lies with the high sales of its small electric car, the Renault ZOE. hyundaimeanwhile, took second place behind the French with 89.8 g / km, while MINI was placed third, signing a general average of 90.1 g/km, 20% below the previous year. As expected, the brand that signed the least emissions was Teslasealing a 0 g/km.
Among the total number of companies with a more pronounced improvement in their accounts, the binomial formed by SEAT Y cupra registered the greatest decrease by reducing its average CO2 by 40%; Jeep improved 23% and took second place in this particular ranking. Most companies have benefited from the notable adoption of new models with plug-in hybrid technology. This mentioned mechanism has been the one that has saved the average of multiple brands, since its average consumption and emissions is really contained; On the contrary, it happens with conventional non-plug-in hybrids, which present a very good urban result, while on motorway routes these figures systematically worsen.
Regarding the latter, and the best way we can see an example is in Toyotawhich has signed a general average of 108.8 g / km, which places it in position number 16, despite the fact that 69% of its models have hybrid technology. Something similar also happens in Honda: half of its sales in Europe come from the hybrid Jazz, with very residual figures for the Honda e, but in total the Japanese firm has achieved an overall average of 114.6 g/km. Suzuki, despite having a large part of its range also hybridized, stands at 117.7 g/km.
This study also points to data collected by European countries. Here Norway has been the winner by far from the rest, presenting an average total emissions of just 16.9 g/km among all new cars registered. Spain signs an average of 120.3 g/km, being the second country that has reduced its emission levels the least, this reduction being only 8%. This has positioned us in positions below countries such as Germany, the United Kingdom or Italy.